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Marae flag application

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This letter requesting two flags (one black and one red) for a marae was sent by to the minister of Māori affairs by Petera Whakahoro on 24 November 1892.

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Social Credit pamphlet

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This pamphlet dates from 1975, which was an election year. The party did well, gaining a growing level of support, but it did not win any seats. However, party leader Bruce Beetham was elected as the member of Parliament for the Rangitīkei electorate in the next two elections (1978 and 1981).

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Politics without parties, 1884–1887

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

These portraits are of members of the New Zealand Parliament during the 1884–1887 term. At this time MPs had not yet gathered into parties. A governing group would form around the premier. George Grey (second row from top, fifth from left), Richard Seddon (third row, fourth from left), ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Provincial government, 1853–76

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

New Zealand's 23-year experiment with provincial government evolved and altered over that time. Click on the buttons in the upper left corner of this map to see how the number and boundaries of the provinces changed.

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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'The public service: a career for boys'

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

'Applications are invited for lads who are desirous of entering the public service as cadets.' This 1920 pamphlet issued by the Public Service Commissioner sets out the terms and conditions of employment for males aged 16 and older entering the public service. Their pay and ranking at the time of...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Health minister responds to parliamentary question, 2011

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

Government ministers are the political heads of their ministries or departments, and must be answerable for their performance in Parliament. Watch this clip of Minister of Health Tony Ryall replying to a parliamentary question from another National Party member of Parliament in ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Public service heads, 2011

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This poster produced by the State Services Commission shows the chief executives of 33 government ministries and departments. Only three of these are women: Katrina Bach (Department of Building and Housing), Karen Sewell (Ministry of Education) and Rowena Phair (Ministry of Women's Affairs). The ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Nelson town roll

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This segment of Nelson township's 1860 electoral roll published in a local newspaper shows the breadth of the male franchise in early colonial New Zealand. Many of those enrolled did so as householders, which meant they were not property owners, but rented a home at a cost of £10 or more a ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Māori and general electoral systems, 1853–2009

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

As this chart shows, there were many differences between the voting systems used by Māori and Pākehā. Voting by a show of hands and by declaration, for example, was not used for elections in general seats after 1870 (when the secret ballot was introduced). In Māori seats it continued to be ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Election hustings, Christchurch, 1853

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

Elections were a fine addition to the social calendar. This drawing of the election of Canterbury’s first provincial superintendent shows a large crowd at the hustings. Along the bottom of the drawing artist Alfred Charles Barker has noted the results: ‘Fitzgerald 135 Tancred 89 ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Suffrage cartoons: family disaster

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This 1893 cartoon depicts a harassed husband struggling to prepare dinner and manage the children, while a lordly wife sweeps in, fresh from a busy day dealing with the world’s business. Such was the disruption to the natural order of life foretold by those opposed to women’s suffrage...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Treaty of Waitangi, English

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

The shaky signature of Lieutenant Governor William Hobson appears on this copy of the Treaty of Waitangi, along with the names and identifying marks of a number of northern chiefs. This English-language version of the treaty guarantees the chiefs and their people 'full, exclusive and undisturbed ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Māori population, 1841–2006

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This graph shows the dramatic changes in the Māori population after the arrival of Europeans. The sharp decline in numbers in the 19th century made it much more difficult for Māori to continue asserting their rights under the Treaty of Waitangi. This led to further grievances that the treaty ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Confiscated lands

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

The dark blue lines added to this 1869 Defence Office map show lands confiscated from tribes considered to have been in rebellion against the government in the 1860s, although some tribes who had not rebelled had their land confiscated. While some confiscated areas were later transferred to Mā...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Polynesian festival, 1972

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

Zoom in to read details of this account of the 1972 Polynesian Festival, published in Māori and English in the Department of Māori Affairs magazine Te Ao Hou. Events such as this formed a Māori renaissance, which supported demands that the promises contained in the Treaty of Waitangi ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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South Island land sales, 1844–1864

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This interactive map shows how almost the entire land area of the South Island passed out of Māori ownership during 20 years in the mid-19th century. The sales were based on the Crown promising to provide South Island Māori with benefits such as schools, hospitals and land reserves. Its failure...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Treaty settlement progress, 2011

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

By August 2011 treaty settlements had been agreed, or were in the process of agreement, for most areas of New Zealand. This map shows the areas where settlements had been agreed. The remaining areas of the country were in Waitangi Tribunal hearings or earlier stages of treaty negotiations.

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Partial list of treaty principles

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

There is no final or complete list of Treaty of Waitangi principles. These principles are continually reinterpreted and developed to suit changing understandings and circumstances. The table above shows some of the treaty principles that have been developed in the past. Source: Janine ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Te Pire Pootitanga (Electorate Bill), 1878

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

This article appeared in the Māori-language newspaper Te Waka Maori on 30 October 1878. It refers to the Electoral Act 1878, which allowed Māori voters to vote on both the Māori and general electoral rolls. In both Māori and English, the article states that 'we ourselves...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage
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Maori Representation Act 1867

Ministry for Culture and Heritage

The Māori seats in New Zealand's Parliament were created by this 1867 act. It was passed during a period of warfare between the government and several North Island Māori tribes, and was seen as a way to reduce conflict between the races in future. However, the new seats gave Māori far less ...

Ministry for Culture and Heritage